Sexual violence in war zones is a global crime affecting women, men and children in many parts of the world. A 2014 United Nations report points to recent cases of such violence in 21 countries wordwide. Human Rights Watch observers suggest that between 200,000 and 500,000 women were raped in Rwanda during the genocide. UN agencies estimate that more than 60,000 women were raped during the civil war in Sierra Leone (1991- 2002), more than 40,000 in Liberia (1989-2003), up to 60,000 in the former Yugoslavia (1992-1995), and at least 200,000 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 1998. In Eastern Bosnia there existed a systematic campaign of rape as a weapon of war. The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) estimates put the number of women raped at up to 35,000, the majority of them Bosnian Muslims.

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